PhD in Philosophy, Saint Louis University: Spring, 2005
- Dissertation Title: "An Evolutionary Account of Vision-Related Creative Problem Solving"
- Published as Scenario Visualization: An Evolutionary Account of Creative Problem Solving in 2008 through MIT Press.
MA in Philosophy, The Catholic University of America: Spring, 1993
- MA in Philosophy achieved in one year; French translation exam; oral exam; written exams
- Thesis published as "Re-thinking Hobbes’s Materialistic and Mechanistic Projects" in Hobbes Studies (2002) 15: 3-31.
BA in Philosophy, The Catholic University of America: Spring, 1992